1. Nurmi, E.V. and Rantala, M. (1973) New aspects of Salmonella infection in broiler production. Nature 241, 210–211.
2. Cameron, D.M. and Carter, J.N. (1992) Evaluation of the efficacy of Broilact® in preventing infection of broiler chicks with Salmonella enteritidis PT4. International Journal of Food Microbiology 15, 319–326.
3. Hirn, J., Nurmi, E., Johansson, T. and Nuotio, L. (1992) Long-term experience with competitive exclusion and salmonellas in Finland. International Journal of Food Microbiology 15, 281–285.
4. Schneitz, C., Koivunen, E., Tuunainen, P. and Valaja, J. (2016) The effects of a competitive exclusion product and two probiotics on Salmonella colonization and nutrient digestibility in broiler chickens. Journal of applied poultry research 25,396–406.
5. Palmu, L. and Camelin, I. (1997) The use of competitive exclusion in broilers to reduce the level of Salmonella contamination on the farm and at the processing plant. Poultry Science 76, 1501–1505.
6. Bolder, N.M., Vereijken, P.F.G., Putirulan, F.F. and Mulder, R.W.A.W. (1995) The effect of competitive exclusion on the Salmonella contamination of broilers (a field study). In: Briz,R.C. (ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd annual meeting of EC COST Working Group No. 2, Graficas Imprinter, Zaragoza, Spain, pp. 89–97.
7. Hakkinen, M. and Schneitz, C. (1996) Efficacy of a commercial competitive exclusion product against chicken pathogenic Escherichia coli and E. Coli O157:H7. Veterinary Record 139, 139–141.
8. Nuotio L., C. Schneitz and O. Nilsson. (2013) Effect of competitive exclusion in reducing the occurrence of Escherichia coli producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases in the ceca of broiler chicks. Poultry Science 92, 250–254.
9. Schneitz, C., Kiiskinen, T., Toivonen, V. and Näsi, M. (1998) Effect of Broilact® on the physicochemical conditions and nutrient digestibility in the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Poultry Science 77, 426–432.
10. Nimrod Veterinary Products Report No. 013-03.
11. Kaldhusdal, M., Schneitz, C., Hofshagen, M. and Skjerve, E. (2001) Reduced incidence of Clostridium perfringens-associated lesions and improved performance in broiler chickens treated with normal intestinal bacteria from adult fowl. Avian Diseases, 45, 149–156.